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The City of White Rock borders Semiahmoo Bay and is surrounded on three sides by the City of Surrey, British Columbia (to the south lies Semiahmoo Bay and the Southern Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia).

The dividing lines between the two cities are Bergstrom Road (136th Street) to the west, North Bluff Road (16th Avenue) to the north, Stayte Road (160th Street) to the east, and 8th Avenue to the south. This area south of 8th Avenue from Stayte Road westward to where 8th Avenue meets the water is Semiahmoo First Nation Reserve land and lies within the bounds of the City of Surrey.

The Surrey neighborhoods of Ocean Park and Crescent Beach lie immediately to the northwest.

White Rock has a moderate climate, with average temperatures of twenty-three degrees Celsius in summer and six degrees Celsius in winter. Pilots accustomed to flying around the area often refer to it as 'the hole in the sky', referring to the fact that White Rock is often bright and sunny, while the rest of the Lower Mainland is covered by cloud.

White Rock is named for a distinctive large white boulder found on its beach near the promenade: a glacial erratic that migrated south during the last glaciation. The 486-ton granite boulder was kept white by shellfish-eating seabirds, whose guano covered the rock, so much so that sailors in the 19th century used it as a beacon.

Source: White Rock BC, Wikipedia